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A Template Matching Approach to Classification of QAM Modulation using Genetic Algorithm

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Author(s): Negar ahmadi | Reza Berangi

Journal: Signal Processing : An International Journal
ISSN 1985-2339

Volume: 3;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 95;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: Automatic Modulation Recognition | Constellation diagram | Genetic Algorithm | Template Matching

ABSTRACT
The automatic recognition of the modulation format of a detected signal, the intermediate step between signal detection and demodulation, is a major task of an intelligent receiver, with various civilian and military applications. Obviously, with no knowledge of the transmitted data and many unknown parameters at the receiver, such as the signal power, carrier frequency and phase offsets, timing information, etc., blind identification of the modulation is a difficult task. This becomes even more challenging in real-world. In this paper modulation classification for QAM is performed by Genetic Algorithm followed by Template matching, considering the constellation of the received signal. In addition this classification finds the decision boundary of the signal which is critical information for bit detection. I have proposed and implemented a technique that casts modulation recognition into shape recognition. Constellation diagram is a traditional and powerful tool for design and evaluation of digital modulations. The simulation results show the capability of this method for modulation classification with high accuracy and appropriate convergence in the presence of noise.

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