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Temporal Evolution of Local Scour Depth around Side-by-side Piers

Author(s): Neshat Movahedi | Amir Ahmad Dehghani | Mohammad Javad Aarabi | Abdul Reza Zahiri

Journal: Journal of Civil Engineering and Urbanism
ISSN 2252-0430

Volume: 03;
Issue: 03;
Start page: 82;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Temporal Evolution | Scour Depth | Side By Side Piers | Equivalent Pier Diameter

Due to geotechnical and economic considerations, bridge designs often lead to use complexpiers or pier groups. The estimation of temporal evolution of scour around bridge pier is important fordesign of bridge foundation. This study focuses on temporal variation of scour depth around two side-bysidepiers with various distances between piers. Based on experimental data, an equation was developedbased on new definition of equivalent pier diameter in Kothyari et al. (2007) equation for estimating thetime evolution of scour depth by taking into account the effect of space between the piers. The results showthat good agreement exists between proposed equation and measured scour data. It is also revealed that byincreasing the distance between piers, the equilibrium scour depth around side by side piers decreases andclose to values of single pier and scour depth reached to the isolated pier when G/D=6.
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