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Temporal variation in composition, occurrence and distribution of Copepoda (Crustacea) from Taperaçu estuary, Pará, Brazil

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Author(s): André Magalhães | Regiane do Socorro Costa Bessa | Luci Cajueiro Carneiro Pereira | Rauquírio Marinho da Costa

Journal: Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi : Ciências Naturais
ISSN 1981-8114

Volume: 4;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 133;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: Planktonic copepods | Temporal variation | Estuary | Brazil

ABSTRACT
The present study aimed to investigate temporal variations on the structure of the copepod community in the Taperaçu estuary, Pará, Brazil. The physical-chemical variables and plankton samplings were gathered from January to June 2006, at three fixed stations located along this estuary. Plankton tows were accomplished using a cylindrical-conical plankton 300 μm mesh net. No significant spatial differences were observed in the abiotic and biotic parameters (ANOVA, p > 0.05). Pseudodiaptomus marshi Wright S., 1936 (11.7 ± 14.3 a 20,909.7 ± 50,527.1 ind.m-3), Acartia lilljeborgii Giesbrecht,1889 (0.1 ± 0.2 a 1,646.4 ± 1,237.3 ind.m-3), Acartia tonsa Dana, 1849 (8.0 ± 11.2 a 4,604.2 ± 4,521.7 ind.m-3) and Paracalanus quasimodo Bowman, 1971 (1.1 ± 2.7 a 405.1 ± 424.4 ind.m-3) were the most abundant taxa, presenting densities significantly correlated with the salinity. The Cluster analysis indicated the formation of a single group comprised by the months of February, March, April and May, with January and June showing no grouping formation. This occurred due to the monthly changes in the balance of the densities observed for the four main copepod species, showing a succession process among these species.

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