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Terminalia chebula-A Pharmacological Review

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Author(s): R. Ashwini, S. Gajalakshmi, S. Mythili, A. Sathiavelu*

Journal: Journal of Pharmacy Research
ISSN 0974-6943

Volume: 4;
Issue: 9;
Start page: 2884;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Terminalia chebula | Hepatomegaly | Rasayana | Triphala | Terpinenes | Ethaedioic acid | Radioprotective.

ABSTRACT
A large proportion of the world population, especially the developing countries rely on the tradional system of medicines. The use of herbs in medicine is gettingbpopularized because of its natural origin with no or lesser side effects .Terminalia chebula is a moderate tree used in traditional medicines, Ayurveda, siddha and unani. Studies conducted on Terminalia showed that it possess anti-bacterial, anti-cancerous, anti-fungal, anti-diabetic, anti-microbial, anti-mutagenic, antioxidant,anti-ulcer, wound healing and anti- viral activity. It has also been found that it prevents the cardiac damage and also used for the treatment of kidney disease. It is also found to be a mild, safe and efficacious laxative used in traditional medicine. It is also revealed that it is a safe compound and its constituents werefound to have therapeutic effect with no or very less toxicity. Terminalia chebula is also an active ingredient of a herbal formulation called as triphala which comprises of three plants namely Emblica officinalis Gaertn. (Indian gooseberry), Terminalia bellerica Linn. (Bellerica myrobolan), Terminalia chebula Retz(Chebulic myrobolan). This herbal preparation, triphala is used for the treatment of enlarged liver, stomach disorders, and for the pain in eyes. Medicinal plants are the valuable and cheap source of therapeutic applications. This review encompasses the advantages of the above plant in terms of their pharmacological aspect.
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