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Theobromine Toxicity and Remediation of Cocoa By-products: An Overview

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Author(s): N.A. Adamafio

Journal: Journal of Biological Sciences
ISSN 1727-3048

Volume: 13;
Issue: 7;
Start page: 570;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Cocoa by-products | animal feed | adverse effects | detheobromination

ABSTRACT
Cocoa-producing and processing countries generate huge quantities of cocoa by-products that have potential as livestock feed. Theobromine, a ubiquitous methylxanthine in the cocoa plant, imposes limitations on the use the by-products by exerting detrimental effects on animals at high dietary concentrations. This has necessitated studies on the development of appropriate detheobromination methods. A measure of success has been achieved using hot water extraction, alkali treatment or microbial treatment. This mini-review discusses progress made in the development of appropriate physicochemical and biological remediation procedures for cocoa waste products.
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