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THEORIES FOR PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENTAL PERSPECTIVES AS IMPERFECT DIALOGUES

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Author(s): MARIO HERNÁN LÓPEZ BECERRA

Journal: Revista Luna Azul
ISSN 1909-2474

Issue: 33;
Start page: 85;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Negative Peace | Positive Peace | Imperfect Peace | direct violence | indirect violence | cultural violence | structural violence | conflict | environmental perspective | sustainable development.

ABSTRACT
Since the end of the Second World War, theories about and for peace (probably it would be more adequate to refer to them as peaces because of the unobjectionable polysemy of this concept) which link it to the ceasing of violence or, in a wider sense, to pacific problem solving, have been developed. One of the most recent developments is the so called Imperfect Peace, through which it is possible to detect actions that generate peace in spite of being in high conflictive and violent contexts. In this line of analysis, peace as an absolute and perpetual ideal is substituted by a wide and varied spectrum of possible peaces, opening in this way suggestive space to examine the possible connection between pacifists and environmentalists’ thoughts and actions, having as a background a critical judgment common to the prevailing development model. This article makes a theoretical scan on some of the most stimulant reflections about peace; on the road the document builds connections between one of these perspectives (Imperfect Peace) and some of the environmental thought variables; as it is well known these last ones have given way to multiple visions of alternative development, many of then focused on the search for sustainability.
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