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The Therapeutic Challenge of the Learning Impaired Sex Offender

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Author(s): Ron Langevin | Suzanne Curnoe

Journal: Sexual Offender Treatment
ISSN 1862-2941

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 3;
Date: 2007;
Original page

Keywords: learning impairment | sexual offenders | treatment

ABSTRACT
Learning impairment in childhood and adolescence was examined in a sample of 1915 sex offenders and 279 non-sex offender and community controls. They were compared on school dropouts, grade failures, and placement in special education classes. The sex offenders showed significantly lower education and higher incidences of dropouts than community controls. The offender groups more often had failed grades and had been in special education classes than the population at large. Neurodevelopmental factors such as birth complications and defects, motor and language developmental abnormalities, ADHD, neurological disease and injuries, mental retardation, and learning disorders, all contributed to the educational deficits, but learning disorders diagnosed in childhood contributed most. The importance of assessing learning impairment for treatment compliance and effectiveness is discussed.
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