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There is no need to stent the ureterovesical anastomosis in live renal transplants

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Author(s): Rajaian Shanmugasundaram | Kumar Santosh

Journal: Indian Journal of Urology
ISSN 0970-1591

Volume: 26;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 454;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Renal transplantation | ureteral stent | urinary tract infection

ABSTRACT
Double-J (DJ) stents are used in urology practice for various reasons. In renal transplantation, DJ stenting is used to treat the complications like urine leak and ureteric obstruction. However, the role of routine or prophylactic DJ stenting during renal transplantation is debatable. Most of the urinary complications occurring following renal transplantation are because of poor surgical technique and transplant ureteric ischemia. Routine DJ stenting cannot be a substitute for sound surgical technique, which avoids ureteric devascularization and create watertight ureterovesical anastomosis. DJ stenting increases the risk for complications like recurrent urinary tract infection, stent encrustation, stone formation, hematuria, and severe storage lower urinary tract symptoms. Routine DJ stenting during renal transplantation is not mandatory. It can harm an immunosuppressed renal transplant recipient by predisposing to various complications.
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