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Topographical anatomy features of branching of nerves of lower extremities of rat

Author(s): Tsarev A.A.

Journal: Морфологія
ISSN 1997-9665

Volume: 2;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 81;
Date: 2008;
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Keywords: Femoral nerve | sciatic nerve | rat

12 white rats of the reproductive period were the material for research. The topography of sciatic and femoral nerves of lower extremities of rats were studied by the method of level-by-level preparation. Femoral and sciatic nerves, their branches are ventral branches lumbar and sacral plexuses. Sciatic nerve was characterized by dispersed type of ramifying (78 % of cases), for the femoral nerve – the main type of branching (86%). The femoral nerve is projected on a medial surface of a hip and in the region of knee joint lies superficially that has a practical value. The rest portion of femoral nerve is located in hard-to-reach areas in the view of preparation and experimental approach. The sciatic nerve is projected on the skin of dorsal surfaces of pelvic areas where it leaves sciatic notch. For more reliable results of experimental research we propose to took into account age, sex, and topographical features.
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