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Total Antioxidant Status is Related to the CD4+ Cell Count and the Clinical State of HIV/AIDS Patients in the Northeast, Nigeria

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Author(s): A.C.U. Ezimah | E.A. Nwankwo | G.R.A. Okogun | J.C. Ihongbe | P.A. Onyeyili | A.C. Ene | P.U. Bassi | S.J. Yahaya

Journal: Journal of Medical Sciences
ISSN 1682-4474

Volume: 8;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 49;
Date: 2008;
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Keywords: Total antioxidant status | HIV | AIDS | CD4+ cells | Maiduguri

ABSTRACT
In this case control study, we compared the Total Antioxidant Status (TAS) of two groups of HIV positive persons that consisted of 262 AIDS patients and 158 asymptomatic HIV-antibody positive subjects with a control group of 204 HIV-antibody negative subjects. The mean CD4+ cell counts per cubic millimeter were 187 for the AIDS patients, 495 for the asymptomatic HIV patients and 920 for the control group. TAS levels in mmol L-1 were 0.34 ± 0.08 for AIDS patients, 0.77 ± 0.29 for asymptomatic patients and 1.4 ± 0.13 for controls. The CD4+ counts and TAS showed no gender biases but they differed significantly between the groups; p
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