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Towards a Renewed Cosmopolitanism: Interculturality as the Ability to Experience Identity and Boundaries

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Author(s): Rik Pinxten

Journal: Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals
ISSN 1133-6595

Issue: 82-83;
Start page: 167;
Date: 2008;
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Keywords: Cosmopolitanism | religion | urbanization | intercultural communication | universalism

ABSTRACT
If we consider that most of the people in the world live in urban contexts, can identity and cultural and/or religious identities still possess (and in what way) a primordial position in sociopolitical structures? The theory put forward by the author is, firstly, that it is necessary to point out what kind of argumentation we have to develop in order to achieve an intercultural conception of the human being; and secondly, that this conception should be governed by rules of conduct that have a universal basis (Human Rights type, or Aufklärung) and finally, that cultural and religious identities should only come into play as a last resort. The first two aspects form the basis of intercultural capacity and institutional practice of interculturality. But we need to analyse how to combine universality (negotiated and argued) with particularity and, in this sense, the religions, to the extent that they manifest themselves as political dogma and universalist and represent an obstacle.
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