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TRADITIONAL CULTURE VERSUS CHANGES OF MODERN WORLD. ETHNIC MOBILIZATION IN THE OPINION OF YOUNG EDUCATED FEMELE GYPSY LEADERS

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Author(s): Lukasz Krzyzowski

Journal: Studia Humanistyczne AGH
ISSN 1732-2189

Volume: 4;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 71;
Date: 2006;
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Keywords: the Roma | ethnic mobilization | Roma leaders

ABSTRACT
The article concerns the change of the Gypsy culture under the influence of the integrational processes with the Polish society. The changes occuring in the Gypsy community are sometimes contradictory to the tradition, which is being reproduced within the family. The local leaders working for the benefit of the Gypsy community within more and more numerous societies and organisations, as well as the growing elite of this group, are trying to adjust their community to the changing reality in the least interfering manner.I present the basic cathegories of the Gypsy culture which are integral elements of this society's life. I mean "romanipen", which is the fundamental pronciple of organizing the Gypsies daily social life. It also includes "magaripen", which is a profanation resulting from disobeying the group taboo. Aditionally I describe the special role of the Gypsy family in conveying the group values only by the word of mouth, which makes the Gypsy language significant in defining the identity of the individual. I also present such aspects of the Gypsies' life, which, in my belief, have undergone a crucial change due to the contact with the dominant culture. The object of my interest was the mutual relation between the new chalenges the Gypsy society is going to encounter and traditional group culture.
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