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Transgenic agriculture and environmental indicators

Author(s): Lucila Teresa de Gusmão Pessôa | Denize Dias de Carvalho | Nei Pereira Jr

Journal: Engenharia Ambiental : Pesquisa e Tecnologia
ISSN 1678-2178

Volume: 3;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 86;
Date: 2006;
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Keywords: Agriculture | Environmental management | Scenarios | Indicators | Transgenics

Despite the rapid diffusion of transgenic crops, there are still few environmental impact studies capable of supplying a conclusive scientific response in regard to its technical and economic advantages and disadvantages. Prospective scenarios were elaborated to assist environmental impact assessment, using techniques derived from SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, Threat) analysis and the DPSIR (Driving Force – human activity, Pressure, State, Impact, Response) model, to evaluate the environmental indicators and the relationship between them. Control and management actions were identified, searching the integration of aspects related to the biotechnology applied to transgenic processes, biodiversity, biosafety and intellectual property. It was demonstrated that the DPSIR model is, in fact, an instrument for integrated environmental assessment and the application of the proposed methodology resulted in favorable indicators to the adoption of transgenic agriculture. The elaborated scenarios are useful to develop an Environmental Management System (EMS) to agriculture.
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