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Transport Disparities in a Crossborder Region. Case Study: The Land of Maramureş


Journal: Romanian Review of Regional Studies
ISSN 1841-1576

Volume: II;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 35;
Date: 2006;
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Keywords: Maramureş | Transport system | Border effect | Cross-border interrelations

The Land of Maramureş is one of the most representative natural regions. It has become a cross-border region on a segment of the Romanian-Ukrainian border because of the evolution of human society. The placement of the present border on the material and spiritual convergent axis represented by the Tisa Valley (in 1920) determined a reorientation of the transport systems of the two Maramureş components. The transition from the planned socialist economy to the market-oriented one in 1990/1991 produced rapid changes both in the structure of the transport systems and in the orientation of the transportation flow. The new conditions allowed the appearance of the first tendencies to restore the Maramureş transport system. Still, the different ways chosen by the two countries (Romania and Ukraine) in their relation with the European power centres created new barriers for these new tendencies.
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