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Treatment and follow-up results of children with electrical burn who observed in burn intensive care unit

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Author(s): Çiğdem Aliosmanoğlu | İbrahim Aliosmanoğlu | Murat Kapan | Abdullah Böyük | Akın Önder

Journal: Dicle Medical Journal
ISSN 1300-2945

Volume: 38;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 170;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Burn | electric | child | intensive care | follow up results

ABSTRACT
Electrical burns are infrequent relative to other injuries, but they are associated with high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to assess management and follow-up results of pediatric patients’ who observed in intensive care unit and also review the precautions for preventing electrical burns.Materials and methods: Totally 22 patients aged under 17 years who were observed in the burn intensive care unit of Şanlıurfa Education and Research Hospital during the period between July 2009-October 2010. Cases were investigated retrospectively. The patients’ age, gender, total burn surface area, length of stay in hospital, musculo-skeletal system complication, cardiovascular system complication, kidney damage and attempts were recorded.Results: Of the 22 cases, 19 (86.3%) were male and 3 (13.7%) were female. The mean age of the patients was 11.5 years. In 10 (45.4%) children burns were occurred in workplace and working area and 12 (54.6%) were occurred in the home environment. Depth of burns were third degree in 10 (45.4%) children and second degree in 12 (54.6%). The mean percentage of burn surface area was 25.9%. The mean length of stay in hospital was 17 days. Debridement and grafting were performed to 12 (54.6%) cases and 10 (45.4%) children were treated with dressings. No patient had increased creatinine kinase levels, oliguria, myoglobuinuria and arrhythmia. The mean hospitalization time was 17 days.Conclusion: Nearly half of patients underwent debridement plus grafting. None of our patients developed renal failure other severe system dysfunction.

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