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Treatment of tibial diaphysis fractures with reamed and locked intramedullary nailing

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Author(s): Abdullah Demirtaş | Mehmet Oğuz Durakbaşa | İbrahim Azboy | Atilla Polat | Bekir Yavuz Uçar | Yahya Coşar | Gürkan Gümüşsuyu

Journal: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Investigations
ISSN 1309-8578

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 168;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Tibia shaft fracture | closed-open surgery | intramedullary nail | reamed dynamisation | complication | locking screw

ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of reamed and locked intramedullary nailing for tibial diaphysis fractures.Materials and methods: The study included 38 patients (26 males, 12 females) who were treated with reamed and locked intramedullary nailing for tibial diaphysis fractures. Fractures were classified according to Gustilo-Anderson classification and functional results were assessed using the Johner-Wrush criteria.Results: The mean age was 36 years (range 18-61). There were 21 AO/ASIF type A, 16 type B, and 1 type C fractures. Twenty-four fracture were closed (63.1%) and 14 (36.9%) were open fractures. According to the Gustilo-Anderson classification, 9 were grade I, 4 patients grade II, and one grade IIIA open fractures. Intramedullary nailing was performed following open reduction in 18 patients, and closed reduction in 20. The mean time to surgery was 9.4 days and the mean follow-up was 29 months. Union was achieved in all patients within a mean of 17.6 weeks. Anterior knee pain developed in 18 patients and infection developed in three patients. Angular deformity less than 10º was developed 12 patients (31.6%). There were screw breakacge and synostosis in four and two patients respectively. According to the Johner-Wrush criteria, functional results were very good in 23 patients (60.5%), good in 12 patients (31.6%) and fair in 3 (7.9%) patients.Conclusion: Treatment of tibial diaphysis fractures with reamed and locked intramedullary nailing gives satisfactory results. It should be considered as first choice in the treatment of these fractures. J Clin Exp Invest 2011;2(2):168-74
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