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Trends in Antarctic ecological research in Latin America shown by publications in international journals

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Author(s): Gisela C. Stotz | Cristian Salgado-Luarte | Rodrigo S. Rios | Ian S. Acuña-Rodriguez | Fernando Carrasco-Urra | Marco A. Molina-Montenegro | Ernesto Gianoli

Journal: Polar Research
ISSN 0800-0395

Volume: 32;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Antarctica | Argentina | Brazil | Chile | research trends | scientific productivity

ABSTRACT
Antarctica is a highly interesting region for ecologists because of its extreme climatic conditions and the uniqueness of its species. In this article, we describe the trends in Antarctic ecological research participation by Latin American countries. In a survey of articles indexed by the ISI Web of Science, we searched under the categories “Ecology,” “Biodiversity Conservation” and “Evolutionary Biology” and found a total of 254 research articles published by Latin American countries. We classified these articles according to the country of affiliation, kingdom of the study species, level of biological organization and environment. Our main finding is that there is a steady increase in the relative contribution of Latin American countries to Antarctic ecological research. Within each category, we found that marine studies are more common than terrestrial studies. Between the different kingdoms, most studies focus on animals and most studies use a community approach. The leading countries in terms of productivity were Argentina, Chile and Brazil, with Argentina showing the highest rate of increase.
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