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Trisomy 19 ependymoma, a newly recognized genetico-histological association, including clear cell ependymoma

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Author(s): Rousseau Emmanuel | Palm Thomas | Scaravilli Francesco | Ruchoux Marie-Magdeleine | Figarella-Branger Dominique | Salmon Isabelle | Ellison David | Lacroix Catherine | Chapon Fran├žoise | Mikol Jacqueline | Vikkula Miikka | Godfraind Catherine

Journal: Molecular Cancer
ISSN 1476-4598

Volume: 6;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 47;
Date: 2007;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Ependymal tumors constitute a clinicopathologically heterogeneous group of brain tumors. They vary in regard to their age at first symptom, localization, morphology and prognosis. Genetic data also suggests heterogeneity. We define a newly recognized subset of ependymal tumors, the trisomy 19 ependymoma. Histologically, they are compact lesions characterized by a rich branched capillary network amongst which tumoral cells are regularly distributed. When containing clear cells they are called clear cell ependymoma. Most trisomy 19 ependymomas are supratentorial WHO grade III tumors of the young. Genetically, they are associated with trisomy 19, and frequently with a deletion of 13q21.31-31.2, three copies of 11q13.3-13.4, and/or deletions on chromosome 9. These altered chromosomal regions are indicative of genes and pathways involved in trisomy 19 ependymoma tumorigenesis. Recognition of this genetico-histological entity allows better understanding and dissection of ependymal tumors.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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