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TRUST AND DISTRUST: TWO NECESSARY FACTORS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SOCIAL TRUST

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Author(s): RODRIGO YÁÑEZ GALLARDO | LUIS AHUMADA FIGUEROA | FÉLIX COVA SOLAR

Journal: Universitas psychologica
ISSN 1657-9267

Volume: 5;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 9;
Date: 2006;
Original page

Keywords: Trust | distrust | wise attitude | naive attitude | emotions | prudence

ABSTRACT
Recent investigations argue that distrust is the absence of trust and it would be assumed that bothattitudes are independent; that would allow to distinguish between the naïve attitude and the wise attitudein the trust. It has been built a scale to measure the disposition to trust and the relationship has beenexamined among naïve and wise attitude when trusting. The sample was constituted by 575 universitystudents of both sexes, of four faculties and of different years of study. Through a factorial analysis itwas found that trust and distrust correspond to different factors. It was discussed the importance ofincrease an optimal trust in order to develop social abilities and to stimulate the social participation. Itwas questioned the validity of traditional surveys that measure the social trust.

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