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Türkiye’nin Tarıma Dayalı Sanayi Politikası (1923-1938) = Agriculture-Based Industrial Policy of Turkey (1923 – 1938)

Author(s): Ali Ata YİĞİT

Journal: Dogus University Journal
ISSN 1302-6739

Volume: 13;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 315;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Türkiye | Tarım | Sanayi | Kalkınma | Turkey | Agriculture | Industry | Development

Poverty was at its highest level during the first years of the Republic of Turkey. As a consequence of the wars; workforce declined, production fell down, a famine occurred and epidemic diseases spread. Wheat was being imported even though about 76 % of the population lived in the rural areas. Hence, an emergency development policy was formed, which was realizable, in accord with economic and social structures of Turkey, and based on its own resources. In this research, the agriculture-based industrial policy is reviewed, which was developed with a strategic approach and as an emergency development action. The data obtained are presented and assessed in a manner to be compared with the previous years. In addition, it is determined and commented on that an economic aspect is present within Turkey’s threat perception. Thereby, a significant relationship is revealed between the development thrust initiated and the period’s conjuncture. The most utilized sources were archive documents, official statistics and the Official Gazette.
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