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Turning the tide: Registered nurses' job withdrawal intentions in a Finnish university hospital

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Author(s): Hanna M. Salminen

Journal: South African Journal of Human Resource Management
ISSN 1683-7584

Volume: 10;
Issue: 2;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Human Resource Management | retirement | nursing profession | survey | Finland

ABSTRACT
Orientation: Given the global shortage of registered nurses, it is important to investigate the intentions for job withdrawal of nurses, and resolve these, in order to retain nurses in the field.Research purpose: The objective was to examine the intentions for job withdrawal of ageing and younger nurses, and the antecedents of these intentions, with special reference to job control and perceived development opportunities. The age of 45 was adopted as a starting point when referring to ageing employees.Motivation for the study: Different forms of job withdrawal have rarely been studied together and associated.Research design, approach and method: A quantitative study was applied with logistic regression analyses. Respondents were registered nurses working in a university hospital in Finland. The response rate was 46.1% (N = 343).Main findings: A quarter (25%) of the nurses had frequently thought about leaving the profession and 19% of the nurses had thought about taking early retirement. Factors that increased the likelihood of intentions for occupational turnover were young age, low job satisfaction, low organisational commitment, low work ability and skills in balance with or above present work demands. The intention to take early retirement was increased with older age, being male, working shifts, low work ability, low job satisfaction and poor job control.Practical/managerial implications: A nurse’s job satisfaction and work ability should be regularly monitored and opportunities should be offered them, to apply their skills and to control their work, in order to retain them.Contribution/value–added: The article added information about the factors that contribute to a nurse’s intentions for job withdrawal.How to cite this article: Salminen, H.M. (2012). Turning the tide: Registered nurses’ job withdrawal intentions in a Finnish university hospital. SA Journal of Human Resource Management/SA Tydskrif vir Menslikehulpbronbestuur, 10(2), Art. #410, 11 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v10i2.410
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