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Types of Models of Service Life of Reinforcement: The Case of the Resistivity

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Author(s): Carmen Andrade

Journal: Concrete Research Letters
ISSN 2180-1371

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 73;
Date: 2010;
Original page

ABSTRACT
The design of concrete structures is usually made by means of a performance approach based on strength tests carried out following testing conditions agreed by convention. A similar approach should also be followed in the case of durability design regarding reinforcement corrosion. This type of consideration enables the definition of a four level methodology for design against reinforcement corrosion in parallel with that followed for strength design. Levels from I to IV are proposed: a] level I would be the prescriptive method already given in present codes based on "deemed-to-satisfy" rules, b] level I is that where still not quantification of the time to reach a limit state is explicit but the minimum life time is assured through performance based tests, c] level III would be the level in which the calculation of aggressive ingress through models having explicit the time is made and d] level IV includes the verification that the resistance of the cover thickness against the penetration of aggressive substances is higher than the environmental action effect including probabilistic treatments. For level II and III the measurement of the electrical resistivity results a very suitable proposal due to this parameter can be measured in a non destructive test and serves to quality control. It is not only a performance test [level II] but it can be included in models of both the initiation and propagation periods. For the time to corrosion onset, the electrical resistivity represents the porosity and its connectivity and therefore can be used to model transport processes. It also results very suitable for measuring concrete aging and then accounting for the reduction of the diffusion coefficient with time. Concerning the propagation period, the electrical resistivity is an indication of the moisture content of concrete and therefore, it has a certain relationship with the corrosion cement. A model is proposed in which the resistivity is introduced in the square root of time law.
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