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Universal equations of unsteady two-dimensional MHD boundary layer whose temperature varies with time

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Author(s): Boričić Zoran | Nikodijević Dragiša | Obrović Branko | Stamenković Živojin

Journal: Theoretical and Applied Mechanics
ISSN 1450-5584

Volume: 36;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 119;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: MHD | magnetic field | electroconductivity | temperature | similarity parameters | universal equations | Prandtl number | Eckert number

ABSTRACT
This paper concerns with unsteady two-dimensional temperature laminar magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) boundary layer of incompressible fluid. It is assumed that induction of outer magnetic field is function of longitudinal coordinate with force lines perpendicular to the body surface on which boundary layer forms. Outer electric filed is neglected and magnetic Reynolds number is significantly lower then one i.e. considered problem is in inductionless approximation. Characteristic properties of fluid are constant because velocity of flow is much lower than speed of light and temperature difference is small enough (under 50ºC ). Introduced assumptions simplify considered problem in sake of mathematical solving, but adopted physical model is interesting from practical point of view, because its relation with large number of technically significant MHD flows. Obtained partial differential equations can be solved with modern numerical methods for every particular problem. Conclusions based on these solutions are related only with specific temperature MHD boundary layer problem. In this paper, quite different approach is used. First new variables are introduced and then sets of similarity parameters which transform equations on the form which don't contain inside and in corresponding boundary conditions characteristics of particular problems and in that sense equations are considered as universal. Obtained universal equations in appropriate approximation can be solved numerically once for all. So-called universal solutions of equations can be used to carry out general conclusions about temperature MHD boundary layer and for calculation of arbitrary particular problems. To calculate any particular problem it is necessary also to solve corresponding momentum integral equation.
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