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Unsuccessful treatment of four patients with acute graft-vs-host disease after liver transplantation

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Author(s): Xiao-Bo Chen | Jie Yang | Ming-Qing Xu | Tian-Fu Wen | Lu-Nan Yan

Journal: World Journal of Gastroenterology
ISSN 1007-9327

Volume: 18;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 84;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Graft-vs-host disease | Immunosuppressant | Immunosuppression | Liver transplantation | Treatment

ABSTRACT
AIM: To investigate appropriate therapeutic strategies for graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) following liver transplantation. METHODS: Four patients who developed GVHD after liver transplantation in West China Hospital were included in this study. Therapeutic strategies with augmentation or withdrawal of immunosuppressants combined with supportive therapy were investigated in these patients. In addition, a literature review of patients who developed GVHD after liver transplantation was performed. RESULTS: Although a transient response to initial treatment was detected, all four patients died of complications from GVHD: one from sepsis with multiple organ failure, one from gastrointestinal bleeding, and the other two from sepsis with gastrointestinal bleeding. Few consensuses for the treatment of GVHD after liver transplantation have been reached. CONCLUSION: New and effective treatments are required for GVHD after liver transplantation to improve the prognosis of patients with this diagnosis.
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