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Upcoming and future strategies of tick control: a review

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Author(s): S. Ghosh, P. Azhahianambi & M.P. Yadav

Journal: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
ISSN 0972-9062

Volume: 44;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 79;
Date: 2007;
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Keywords: Endosymbionts | insecticide | tick control | tick-borne diseases | vaccine

ABSTRACT
Ticks are distributed worldwide and significantly impact human and animal health. Due to severeproblems associated with the continuous use of acaricides on animals, integrated tick management isrecommended. Increasing public health concern over the tick-borne diseases demands the strategiccontrol of ticks on animals that transmit diseases to human beings. Immunological control of tickvector of Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD) on cattle and other wild reservoir hosts is one of thepossible alternative strategy for reducing the transmission of KFD to man. Chemical-vaccine synergieshave been demonstrated and a combination of chemical and vaccine for tick and tick-bornedisease control has been identified as a sustainable option. Studies have suggested the possibility ofvaccine strategies directed towards both tick control and transmission of pathogens. Besides tickvaccine, use of endosymbionts, which are essential for the survival of arthropod hosts, for the controlof tick vectors will be one of the targeted areas of research in near future. India with huge naturalresources of herbs and other medicinal plants, the possibilities of developing herbal acaricides isdiscussed. The future of research directed towards target identification is exciting because of newand emerging technologies for gene discovery and vaccine formulation.

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