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Urgelistas valencianos. Sobre la oposición a Fernando I de Trastámara

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Author(s): Rubio Vela, Agustín

Journal: Anuario de Estudios Medievales
ISSN 0066-5061

Volume: 33;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 191;
Date: 2003;
Original page

Keywords: Middle Ages | Crown of Aragon | Valencia | 15th century | Caspés Compromise | Ferdinand the First of Aragon | Jaume the Unlucky | earl of Urgell | Edad Media | Corona de Aragón | Valencia | siglo XV | Compromiso de Caspe | Femando I de Aragón | Jaume el Dissortat | conde de Urgell

ABSTRACT
Wide sectors of Valencia and its kingdom did not give up their support to the earl of Urgell, Jaume the Unlucky, even after he was defeated by the infant Ferdinand of Castille in his run to the throne of Catalonia-Aragon during the so-called Caspe's Compromise (1412). We have drawn this conclusion after examining Valencia's municipal documentation. The Catalan nobleman led an upheaval in 1413 against Ferdinand the First of Aragon, his old rival. During the insurrection, a considerable portion of the Valencian society behaved in ways that make evident the degree of popular sympathy gained by the rebels. The Valencian people's behavior during these events also shows signs of a profound social collapse, which had started back in the last decades of the 14th century. When Martin the First died (1410), the seriousness of this persisting social crisis grew due to some violent episodes that took place before the Trastamara dinasty managed to occupy the throne in the Crown of Aragon.La documentación municipal de Valencia demuestra que amplios sectores de esta ciudad y de su reino siguieron apoyando la causa del conde de Urgell, Jaume el Dissortat, después de que su candidatura al trono catalano-aragonés fracasase en el Compromiso de Caspe (1412) frente a la del infante Femando de Castilla. Durante la insurrección de 1413, emprendida por el noble catalán contra Femando I de Aragón, su antiguo rival, el comportamiento de una parte importante de la sociedad valenciana revela una clara simpatía popular hacia los rebeldes, así como la persistencia, en el seno de la capital, de una profunda quiebra social que remontaba a las últimas décadas del siglo XIV, agravada, tras la muerte de Martín I (1410), por los hechos violentos que precedieron a la instauración de la dinastía Trastámara en la Corona de Aragón.

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