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Use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenator support to salvage an infant with anomalous left coronary artery from pulmonary artery

Author(s): Malik Vishwas | Pandey Anil | Chauhan Sandeep | Airan Balram

Journal: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
ISSN 0971-9784

Volume: 14;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 51;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Anomalous left coronary artery from pulmonary artery | extracorporeal membrane oxygenator | left coronary artery

Anomalous left coronary artery from pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a congenital acyanotic heart disease where the left coronary artery (LCA) arises from the pulmonary artery. This results in the LCA receiving blood supply from the low-pressure right ventricle having minimal extractable oxygen. The oxygen delivery to the left ventricle (LV) is severely hampered causing severe hypoxic LV dysfunction early in life. Early surgery prior to serious, irreversible LV dysfunction is the key to survival. Children with ALCAPA usually present in their first few weeks of life, with severe LV dysfunction. After surgical correction of the defect, the myocardium may not recover early from the presurgery myocardial dysfunction. We describe a case where extracorporeal membrane oxygenator was utilized as a means of ventricular support during this critical postoperative period resulting in a favorable outcome.
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