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Use of Flumazenil to Provide Adequate Recovery Time Post-Midazolom Infusion in a General Intensive Care Unit

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Author(s): MOJTABA MOJTAHEDZADEH | MANSOOR RASTEGARPANAH | ABBAS MOHAGHEGHI | ALI MOHAMMAD SABZGHABAIE

Journal: DARU : Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
ISSN 1560-8115

Volume: 7;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 25;
Date: 1999;
Original page

Keywords: Amnesia

ABSTRACT
Sedation permits patients to tolerate the various treatment modalities to which they are subjected. However it may sometimes cause prolonged sedation in critically ill patients. Flumazenil, a benzo¬diazepine antagonist, reverses midazolam-induced sedation and amnesia. We prospectively designed a double-blind randomized study to evaluate the effects of flumazenil on thirty (30) Iranian General Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients. They were requiring mechanical ventilation for more than 12 hours and they were sedated by midazolam infusions. Sedation levels were measured hourly during the infusion, at the end of the infusion, and at 5, 15, 30, 60, and 120 min after cessation of the mida¬zolam infusion. Reversal of sedation was observed in all patients who received flumazenil, and re-sedation occurred in seven of these patients. Reversal was not seen in any of the patients who receiv-ed placebo.

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