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Uses of natural zeolite in the removal of Pb2+ from contaminated water

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Author(s): SEIJÓ ECHEVARRÍA Marlene | DEL TÓRO DÉNIZ Ruben | MARTINEZ CASTELLANOS Eugenio | SHERBAKOV Gerard A | RODRIGUEZ MOYA Juan Jose

Journal: Eclética Química
ISSN 0100-4670

Volume: 22;
Start page: 15;
Date: 1997;
Original page

Keywords: Heavy metals | ion exchange | atomic absorption spectrometry

ABSTRACT
In this paper, we carry out a study on the process of sorption of lead in polluted waters usingnatural zeolites, with the objective of analyzing their behavior in the purification of water.Experiments are carried out under static and dynamic conditions to determine the influence of other metal ions, such as: Ca (II), Mg (II), K (I) and Na (I), on this process. We demonstrate that the affinity of Pb (II) with regard to zeolite is higher than that of the ions mentioned above. It allows us to use this material in the capture of lead in residual waters. A lineal model of regression was obtained using a computer program called Eureka which relates the capacity of interchange of zeolite with respect to the concentration of the metal ions present in waters. We also studied the selectivity of zeolite in the process of sorption of Pb (II) compared with other heavy metals like Zn (II) and Cd (II).The results achieved in both cases increase the expectancy about the usage of zeolite as a low cost material for purifing waters.
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