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Using data envelopment analysis to measure the extent of technical efficiency of public health centres in Ghana

Author(s): Akazili James | Adjuik Martin | Jehu-Appiah Caroline | Zere Eyob

Journal: BMC International Health and Human Rights
ISSN 1472-698X

Volume: 8;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 11;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Abstract Background Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) has been used to analyze the efficiency of the health sector in the developed world for sometime now. However, in developing economies and particularly in Africa only a few studies have applied DEA in measuring the efficiency of their health care systems. Methods This study uses the DEA method, to calculate the technical efficiency of 89 randomly sampled health centers in Ghana. The aim was to determine the degree of efficiency of health centers and recommend performance targets for the inefficient facilities. Results The findings showed that 65% of health centers were technically inefficient and so were using resources that they did not actually need. Conclusion The results broadly point to grave inefficiency in the health care delivery system of public health centers and that significant amounts of resources could be saved if measures were put in place to curb the waste.
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