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USING FOURIER TRANSFORM INFRARED (FTIR) TO CHARACTERIZE TSUNAMI DEPOSITS IN NEAR-SHORE AND COASTAL WATERS OF THAILAND

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Author(s): S. Pongpiachan | K. Thumanu | W. Na Phatthalung | D. Tipmanee | P. Kanchai | P. Feldens | K. Schwarzer

Journal: Science of Tsunami Hazards
ISSN 8755-6839

Volume: 32;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 39;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Tsunami Deposits | Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) | Analysis of Variance | Hierarchical Cluster Analysis | Principal Component Analysis | Andaman Sea

ABSTRACT
Understanding the tsunami cycle requires a simple method for identification of tsunami backwash deposits. This study investigates Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy followed by careful analysis of variance (ANOVA), Gaussian distribution, hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) and principal component analysis (PCA) for the discrimination of typical marine sediments and tsunami backwash deposits. In order to test the suitability of FTIR spectra as innovative methods for classifications of tsunami deposits, typical marine sediments and terrestrial soils were classified into three zones, namely zone-1 (i.e. typical marine sediments), zone-2 (i.e. including tsunami backwash deposits) and zone-3 (i.e. coastal terrestrial soils). HCA was performed to group the spectra according to their spectral similarity in a dendrogram and successfully separate FTIR spectra of all three sampling zones into two main clusters with five sub-clusters. The simplicifolious (i.e. single-leafed) type of dendrogram was observed with the strong dissimilarity of terrestrial components in subcluster- 5. Graphical displays of PC1 vs PC2 highlight the prominent features of zone-1, which is explicitly different from those of zone-2 and zone-3. The acceptable discrimination of typical marine sediments and tsunami backwash deposits, even six years after the tsunami on Boxing Day 2004, dramatically demonstrates the potential of the method for the identification of paleotsunami.
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