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"Uterine Artery Embolization for Symptomatic Uterine Fibroids: a Prospective Study on 102 Patients in Iran"

Author(s): K. Firouznia | H. Ghanaati | M. Sanaati | A. H. Jalali | M. Shakiba

Journal: Iranian Journal of Radiology
ISSN 1735-1065

Volume: 2;
Issue: 3-4;
Start page: 157;
Date: 2005;
Original page

Keywords: uterine artery embolization | fibroids | interventional radiology

Background/Objectives : To evaluate the safety, efficacy an d complication rate of uterine artery embolization in symptomatic fibroid patients in Iran. Patients and Methods: A hundred and two patients aged 20-48 years (mean age: 35.7 ±6.4 years) with symptomatic fibroids entered th e study from September 2001 to November 2004. The most common presenting symptom was increased menstrual bleeding, which occurred in 74.5% of all patients. Urinary symptoms occurred in 43%, and bulk-related symptoms were seen in 63.7 % of our patients. We performed bilateral UAE (uterine artery em bolization) using PVA (pol yvinyl alcohol) particles (500-710 micron) and assessed the patients before UAE and at regular follow- ups at 1, 3, 6 and 12-month intervals by questionnaires / interviews and ultrasound. MRI without gadolinium (Gd-DTPA) injection was done before emboliz ation and at 6 and 12 months after the procedure. Results: By Friedman test, sequential follow-up (up to 12 months) showed that the vaginal bleeding severity significantly decreased (p
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