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Utility of Acid-Fast Staining in Tubercular Lymphadenopathy Compared to Cytopathology

Author(s): AJ Abedi | Z Khan | N Khalique | U Fatima | N Afroz

Journal: Iranian Journal of Public Health
ISSN 2251-6085

Volume: 37;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 98;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Lymphadenopathy | T tuberculosis | Acid fast bacilli staining

"nBackground: Lymphadenitis is a common form of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis. As in peripheral health centers, the facili­ties for histopathology and culture are lacking, material obtained by fine needle aspiration (FNA) in suspected cases of tubercu­lar lymphadenitis (TBL) cid Fast Bacilli (AFB) by Ziehl Neelson method as every Designated Micros­copy centre under Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme has facility to perform it. This study was con­ducted with the aim of establishing the utility of performing AFB on aspirated material at a DMC over performing cytology at a higher centre."nMethods: Fifty eight suspected cases of TBL attending urban health training centre, Dept. of Community Medicine were in­cluded in the study. FNA was performed and at least two slides were prepared, one for acid fast staining at centre itself and the other was sent for cytology, in the Dept. of Pathology. SPSS 11.0 was used to data analysis."nResults: 75.9% slides were AFB Positive; there was significant correlation of duration of disease and cytomorphology with AFB positivity."nConclusion: It was concluded that performing AFB staining at a peripheral centre on material aspirated from lymph nodes could alone be sufficient for diagnosis of tuberculosis in majority of cases.
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