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Utility of intra-operative capnogram to detect branch pulmonary artery obstruction following total correction of tetralogy of fallot

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Author(s): Garg Rajnish | Murthy Keshava | Rao Shekhar | John Colin

Journal: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
ISSN 0971-9784

Volume: 14;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 45;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Capnogram | intraoperative | pulmonary artery | tetralogy of Fallot

ABSTRACT
Branch pulmonary artery obstruction is one of the prime reasons for re-operation in patients who have undergone repair for tetralogy of Fallot. Branch pulmonary artery obstruction may develop over a period of time due to dilation of right ventricular outflow tract or it may be caused by residual stenosis after inadequate repair. This may lead to differential lung perfusion causing morbidity. Intra-operative capnogram monitoring reveals ventilation−perfusion relationship. We report two cases where the capnogram helped the diagnosis and management of branch pulmonary artery obstruction. We found a redundant patch in the first and an extra length of the homograft in second case which led to the obstruction. However, but for the changes in the intraoperative capnogram, this condition may by far remain undiagnosed considering the fact that it does not produce hemodynamic changes but can lead to postoperative morbidity.
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