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Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells activation revealed by quantitative phosphoproteomics analysis

Author(s): Claudia Boccardi | Vittoria Matafora | Giovanni Signore | Silvia Rocchiccioli | Maria Giovanna Trivella | Emanuele Alpi | Lorenzo Citti | Angela Bachi | Antonella Cecchettini

Journal: Journal of Integrated OMICS
ISSN 2182-0287

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 60;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: quantitative phosphoproteomics | SILAC | VSMC activation | PDGF-BB

Vascular smooth-muscle cells (VSMCs) are the main components of the artery medial layer and if activated by growth factors as a consequence of vessel injuries, acquire the ability to proliferate and migrate contributing to the formation of neointima. In the early phase/events of VSMC stimulation a cascade of kinases and phosphatases initiates phospho-events that are decisive for VSMC activation. In this work, a SILAC approach in a multi-strategy combined method for phosphopeptides enrichment was used, in order to gain insights into the phosphomodulation of the proteome of VSMCs stimulated by platelet derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB).. The quantitative SILAC phosphoproteome analysis allowed the identification of 1300 phosphopeptides among which 47 resulted novel phosphosites. Some important factors involved in cytoskeleton remodeling, focal adhesions, gap junction assembly and cell activation have been found differentially phosphorylated, highlighting their pivotal role in early VSMC reorganization and suggesting a novel starting point to assess the precise actors of VSMC activation and their roles.
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