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VIEW OF CHARAKA ON ROGA AND ROGI PARIKSHA FOR THE VYADHIVINISCHAYA (DIAGNOSIS OF DISEASES)

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Author(s): Byadgi P.S | Kumar Shailendra

Journal: International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy
ISSN 2229-3566

Volume: 2;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 694;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: dwividha | trividha | chaturvidha | pratyaksha | anumana | aptopadesha | yukti | inspection | palpation | interrogation.

ABSTRACT
Complete understanding of science is essential to get mastery and supremacy in clinical methods. Improper observation of patient by physician, which have not been thoroughly described and diseases which have not been diagnosed correctly are going to confuse the physician. Examination of karanadi ten factors is essential to initiate actions. So, physician should examine all the essential factors which are necessary for the diagnosis of diseases. Physician desirous of brining homeostasis among dhatu should adopt certain qualities to become ideal physician are as follows– knowledge of medical science in toto, practical experience, skill, purity, ideal prescriptions, possessing all the equipments, normalcy of all sense organs, knowledge of the various natural manifestation and knowledge of course of action of prescribed therapy. Thorough examination of the patient is the initial step in clinical medicine followed by planning suitable appropriate therapeutics. If physician initiates the therapies without accurate diagnosis of the disease, accomplish the desired object only by chance and will not get name and fame. On the contrary, if physician prescribes therapies after proper diagnosis and plans the principle line of treatment after considering morbidity of pathogenesis factors, strength, place, season etc. definitely he will get success. Physician should be sympathetic and affectionate to all the patients who are curable and should feel detached with those who are about to die. Inspite of acquiring all the essential knowledge for the diagnosis of disease and its management, if he didn’t try to enter into the heart of the patient by virtue through the light of his knowledge, he may not be able to treat the disease successfully. Charaka described roga pariksha for the diagnosis & prognosis of the disease i.e. nidana(etiology), purvaroopa(premonitory signs and symptoms), linga(signs and symptoms),upashaya(explorative therapies), & samprapti( pathogenesis) and Charaka also described roga pariksha & rogi pariksha for the diagnosis & prognosis of the disease namely aupamya, dwividha pariksha(two fold examination), trividha pariksha(three fold examination) and chaturvidha pariksha( four fold examination).This article shed light on detail description of rogiroga pareeksha as per Charaka.
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