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Visual acuity evaluation in children with hydrocephalus: An electrophysiological study with sweep visual evoked potential

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Author(s): Silvana Alves Pereira | Marcelo Fernandes Costa

Journal: World Journal of Neuroscience
ISSN 2162-2000

Volume: 02;
Issue: 01;
Start page: 36;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Hydrocephalus | Ventricular Shunt | Visual Acuity | Sweep Visual Evoked Potential | Visual Development

ABSTRACT
The objective was to measure the visual acuity (VA) of children with the diagnosis of hydrocephalus with or without peritoneal-ventricular shunt (PVS). A total of 55 children were included in the study (34 Female), with an age range of 0 to 291 weeks. The VA was measured by the sweep visual evoked potential technique. Of those with a PVS, in 31 the ventricular valve was inserted before 15 days after the diagnosis whereas in 14 the ventricular valve was inserted after 15 days. The sweep VEP was performed in all children, 95 exams (94%) were abnormal and only 6 were normal. There was a statistical difference in the VA between children with a PVS inserted before 15 days of the diagnosis and children with a PVS after 15 days (p = 0.038) or those without a shunt (p = 0.031). Children with no complications of the PVS had a better VA as compared to those with shunt complications (p < 0.001). In the group of children with complications, again those who had a shunt inserted be-fore 15 days had better VA results in com- parison to those in whom the shunt was inserted after 15 days (p = 0.029). No statistical difference in the VA was found between children without the PVS and with those in which the shunt was inserted after 15 days of the di-agnosis of hydrocephalus (p = 0.699). We conclude that the delayed insertion of the PVS may compromise the visual development of these children.
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