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Visual and hearing disabilities and epilepsy frequency in children with cerebral palsy

Author(s): Bahadır Konuşkan | Hüseyin Per | Hakan Gümüş | Sefer Kumandaş

Journal: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Investigations
ISSN 1309-8578

Volume: 3;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 245;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Cerebral palsy | visual disability | hearing disability | epilepsy

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate visualand hearing disabilities and epilepsy frequency in childrenwith cerebral palsy.Materials and methods: The medical records of patientswho were followed up with the diagnosis of cerebral palsyin Child Neurology Department were examined retrospectively.Results: In this study, Totally 460 patients of which 63.3%male and 36.7% female were included. Male/female ratiowas 1.7 and 60% of the patients were mature and 40%of them were premature. The distribution of the casesaccording to clinical description was as follows: 39.7%spastic quadriplegia, 28.7% spastic diplegia, 18.2% spastichemiplegia, 7% choreoathetoid cerebral palsy, 3.5%mixed type cerebral palsy, 1.1% hypotonic cerebral palsy,0.9% monoparesis, 0.4% dystonic cerebral palsy and0.4% ataxic cerebral palsy. Disorderss coexisting with cerebralpalsy were epilepsy in 54.3%, strabismus in 38.5%,and hearing loss in 22% of patients.Conclusion: Although cerebral palsy is known as a diseasewith motor disability, brain pathology frequentlycauses hearing and visual disturbances and epilepsy.Early diagnosis and treatment of these accompanyingdisabilities will affect positively quality of life of these patients.J Clin Exp Invest 2012; 3(2): 245-249
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