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Vitamin A-first dose supplement coverage evaluation amongst children aged 12-23 months residing in slums of Delhi, India

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Author(s): Sachdeva Sandeep | Datta Utsuk

Journal: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
ISSN 0301-4738

Volume: 57;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 299;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Immunization and evaluation | vitamin A

ABSTRACT
Objective: To determine vitamin A-first dose supplement coverage in children aged 12-23 months and to find out its correlates with selected variables . Materials and Methods: The 30-cluster sampling technique based on probability proportional to size advocated by the World Health Organization was used to assess vitamin A-first dose supplement amongst 210 children in the age group of 12-23 months residing in slums of a randomly selected municipal zone of Delhi during October to November 2005. Results: Only 79 (37.6%) children out of 210 had received vitamin A-first dose supplement. Further analysis of 79 children was carried out with regard to selected variables like religion, gender, birth order, place of birth, immunization status and literacy of mother. These analyses showed that 71 (89.9%) were Hindu and eight (10.1%) were non-Hindu ( P = 0.04). Nearly 44 (55.7%) males and 35 (44.3%) females had received vitamin A ( P = 0.74). The proportion of children born in a health institution who received first dose (57%) of vitamin A supplementation was significantly higher than of those who were born at home (43%) ( P

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