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In Vitro anticancer activity of the root, stem and leaves of Withania Somnifera against various human cancer cell lines

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Author(s): Yadav B | Bajaj A | Saxena M | Saxena A

Journal: Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
ISSN 0250-474X

Volume: 72;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 659;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Anticancer | cytotoxicity | fly ash | PC-3 | HCT-15 | prostrate | Withania somnifera

ABSTRACT
Withania somnifera Dunal know as Ashwagandha belong Solanaceae family. It is extensively used in most of the Indian herbal pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals. The current study, evaluate in vitro cytotoxicity in 50% ethanol extract of root, stem and leaves of Withania somnifera against five human cancer cell lines of four different tissues i.e. PC-3, DU-145 (prostrate), HCT-15 (colon), A-549 (lung) and IMR-32 (neuroblastoma). Root, stem and leaves extracts showed cytotoxicity activity ranging 0-98% depending on the cell lines but maximum activity was found in 50% ethanol extract of leaves of Withania somnifera. Ethanol extract of leaves obtained from treatments T2, T3, T4 and T5 showed strong activity against PC-3 and HCT-15 with 80-98% growth inhibition, while the 50% ethanol extract of leaves from T1 treatment showed a minimum of 39% and T3 treatment showed a maximum of 98% growth inhibition against HCT-15. This investigation is the first report of the anticancer activity in various parts of Withania somnifera cultivated in fly ash amended soil.
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