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In Vitro Antiophidian Properties of Dipteryx alata Vogel Bark Extracts

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Author(s): Virgínia Sbrugnera Nazato | Leandro Rubem-Mauro | Nathalia Aparecida Gatto Vieira | Dimas dos Santos Rocha | Magali Glauzer Silva | Patricia Santos Lopes | Cháriston André Dal-Belo | Jose Carlos Cogo | Marcio Galdino dos Santos | Maria Alice da Cruz-Höfling | Yoko Oshima-Franco

Journal: Molecules
ISSN 1420-3049

Volume: 15;
Issue: 9;
Start page: 5956;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Bothrops jararacussu | Crotalus durissus terrificus | medicinal plant extract;myotoxicity | neurotoxicity

ABSTRACT
Extracts from Dipteryx alata bark obtained with different solvents (hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate and methanol) were mixed in vitro with Bothrops jararacussu (Bjssu, 40 μg/mL) and Crotalus durissus terrificus (Cdt, 15 μg/mL) snake venoms, and applied to a mouse phrenic nerve-diaphragm preparation to evaluate the possible neutralization of venom effects. Cdt venom neurotoxic effect was not inhibited by any of the extracts, while the neurotoxic and myotoxic actions of Bjssu venom were decreased by the methanolic extract. This inhibition appears to be augmented by tannins. Dichloromethane bark extract inhibited ~40% of Bjssu venom effects and delayed blockade induced by Cdt. The methodology used to determine which extract was active allows inferring that: (i) phenolic acids and flavonoids contained in the methanolic extract plus tannins were responsible mostly for neutralization of Bjssu effects; (ii) terpenoids from the dichloromethane extract may participate in the anti-Cdt and anti-Bjssu venom effects; (iii) a given extract could not inhibit venoms from different species even if those belong to the same family, so it is improper to generalize a certain plant as antiophidian; (iv) different polarity extracts do not present the same inhibitory capability, thus demonstrating the need for characterizing both venom pharmacology and the phytochemistry of medicinal plant compounds

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