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WAVE DISPERSION STUDY IN THE INDIAN OCEAN TSUNAMI OF DECEMBER 26, 2004

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Author(s): Juan Horrillo | Zygmunt Kowalik | Yoshinori Shigihara

Journal: Science of Tsunami Hazards
ISSN 8755-6839

Volume: 25;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 42;
Date: 2006;
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Keywords: tsunami | earthquakes | tsunami modeling | numerical studies | wave propagation | 2004 Indian Ocean tsuanmi

ABSTRACT
A numerical study which takes into account wave dispersion effects has been carried out in the Indian Ocean to reproduce the initial stage of wave propagation of the tsunami event occurred on December 26, 2004. Three different numerical models have been used: the nonlinear shallow water (nondispersive), the nonlinear Boussinesq and the full Navier-Stokes aided by the volume of fluid method to track the free surface. Numerical model results are compared against each other. General features of the wave propagation agreed very well in all numerical studies. However some important differences are observed in the wave patterns, i.e., the development in time of the wave front is shown to be strongly connected to the dispersion effects. Discussions and conclusions are made about the spatial and temporal distribution of the free surface reaffirming that the dispersion mechanism is important for tsunami hazard mitigation.
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