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Ways of Optimising Regional Planning: Settlement Typology. Case Study: Baia Mare Depression

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Author(s): SORIN FILIP | ADRIAN GAVRA

Journal: Romanian Review of Regional Studies
ISSN 1841-1576

Volume: II;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 58;
Date: 2006;
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Keywords: Typology | Criterion | Territorial planning

ABSTRACT
In a relatively uniform natural environment, the settlements in the Baia Mare Depression have very diverse forms. According to an oriented complex typology, we have identified the features and the problems characteristic of these settlements, according to the following criteria: the infrastructure already, demographic features, education, health, and tourism. By synthesising these criteria, we identified the following settlement types: polarising urban centres, under-pressure urban settlements, important rural settlements, under-pressure rural settlements, and declining rural settlements. Each of these types shows that it is necessary to differentiate our intervention, i.e. territorial planning activities must respond accordingly to local and regional needs.
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