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‘We are the forgotten ones’: Occupational stress among university secretaries in Botswana

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Author(s): Ilse E. Plattner | Diana S. Mberengwa

Journal: South African Journal of Human Resource Management
ISSN 1683-7584

Volume: 8;
Issue: 1;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: human resource management | organisational psychology | psycho-physiological wellbeing | secretarial profession | stress management

ABSTRACT
Orientation: Secretaries play an essential role in any work organisation, but their contributions and support in the daily management activities are not always recognised.Research purpose: There is little research on occupational stress among secretaries. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate work-related stressors in the secretarial profession and their association with psychosomatic complaints.Motivations for study: Considering the lack of research on secretaries, it was the objective of this study to investigate occupational stressors in the secretarial profession and their association with psycho-physiological wellbeing.Research design, approach and method: Sixty-four secretaries at the University of Botswana participated in the study (response rate: 43.8%). Data were gathered through a self-administered questionnaire. Correlational analyses were performed using Spearman’s rho.Main findings: Seventeen potential stressors were identified, referring to lack of job clarity, performing work outside one’s job description, reduced competencies, supervisors who perform secretarial work, sharing resources such as an office or a telephone, lack of recognition and limited opportunities for promotion. Most stressors correlated significantly with one or more psychosomatic complaints.Practical/managerial implications: Additional research would be necessary to compare various work contexts and organisation-specific work environments and to investigate their relevance to occupational stress and health among secretaries.Contribution/value-add: The results of the study could be of use for human resource managers, as well as for supervisors of secretaries, in order to minimise potential stressors that could negatively affect the health of secretaries.How to cite this article: Plattner, I.E., & Mberengwa, D.S. (2010). ‘We are the forgotten ones’: Occupational stress among university secretaries in Botswana. SA Journal of Human Resource Management/SA Tydskrif vir Menslikehulpbronbestuur, 8(1), Art. #213, 8 pages. DOI: 10.4102/sajhrm.v8i1.213
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