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Do we need a pulmonary artery catheter in cardiac anesthesia? - An Indian perspective

Author(s): Kanchi Muralidhar

Journal: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
ISSN 0971-9784

Volume: 14;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 25;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Acute ventricular septal rupture | diastolic dysfunction | myocardial infarction | pulmonary artery catheter | pulmonary hypertension

There has been considerable controversy regarding the use of pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) in clinical practice. Some studies have indicated poor outcome in patients who were monitored with PAC. However, these studies, which have condemned the use of PAC, were conducted on patients in intensive care units, where the clinical scenarios with regard to patients′ status are somewhat different as compared to those of a cardiac operating room. This study was designed to identify the indications of PAC use in cardiac operating rooms. A questionnaire was mailed to anasthesiologists in cardiac centers and the response was analyzed.The practicing cardiac anesthesiologists recommended the use of PAC for following indications in cardiac surgery: coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with poor left ventricular (LV) function, LV aneurysmectomy, recent myocardial infarction (MI), pulmonary hypertension, diastolic dysfunction, acute ventricular septal rupture and insertion of left ventricular assist device (LVAD).The analysis of responses from practicing anesthesiologists clearly indicates that use of a PAC cannot be recommended as a matter of routine, but a definite role is suggested in selected groups of patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
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