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What is the Integral in Integral Education? From Progressive Pedagogy to Integral Pedagogy

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Author(s): Tom Murray

Journal: Integral Review
ISSN 1553-3069

Volume: 5;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 96;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: alternative education | education | pedagogy | integral education | progressive education | second-tier.

ABSTRACT
Integrally-informed educational approaches have much in common withprogressive (including reform, alternative, holistic, and transformative) approaches, andshare many of the same values. One function of the integral approach is to provide anoverarching model within which to coordinate different progressive methods. Thoughintegral adds much more than that, descriptions of integral education sometimes soundlike progressive educational principles recast with new terminology. This essay attemptsto clarify what the integral approach adds over and above progressive educationaltheories. After an overview of progressive pedagogical principles, the integral approachis discussed in terms of integral as a model, a method, a community, and a developmentalstage. Integral as a type of consciousness or developmental level is elaborated upon asconsisting of construct-awareness, ego-awareness, relational-awareness, and systemawareness,all important to the educational process. Finally, challenges and supportsystems for realizing integral education are discussed.
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