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Who is Hmong? Questions and Evidence from the U.S. Census

Author(s): Wayne Carroll | Victoria Udalova

Journal: Hmong Studies Journal
ISSN 1091-1774

Volume: 6;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2006;
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Keywords: Hmong Americans | Asian American Studies | Census Data | Demographics

This paper explores the boundaries of the Hmong community as measured by different categories in 2000 U.S. census data. Following careful assessment of detailed Census data, the authors conclude that theusual criterion used to identify a person in the data as Hmong is too narrow, and that a broader, more inclusive definition more accurately delineates the Hmong ethnic group. The authors propose that anyonewho reported in the Census that his or her race, ancestry, or language was Hmong should be included in the Hmong community. This more inclusive method provides evidence that the Hmong populationenumerated by the 2000 U.S. census was about 18% larger than the figure that is usually reported.

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