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Wild edible plants: a potential source of nutraceuticals

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Author(s): Neelu Singh

Journal: International Journal of Pharma Sciences and Research
ISSN 0975-9492

Volume: 2;
Issue: 12;
Start page: 216;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: wild | edible plants | neutraceuticals | polysaccharides | diosgenin | food energy

ABSTRACT
Wild edible fruits of Randia dumatorum ( Manhar), fruiting bodies of fungi, Asterus hygromatricus (Putpura ), Costus speciosus (Kevkand) and Pureria tuberosa (Patal Kumdha) were collected from differentlocalities of central region which are being consumed raw or as vegetable . These species evaluated for their nutritional and anti nutritional parameters. Fruiting bodies of A.hygromatricus contain high carbohydrate content i.e. 29.48% and 35.41% in outer and inner part respectively and fruits of R. dumetorum contain high carbohydrate (18.93%). A.hygromatricus is the good source of protein. Water soluble vitamins- ascorbic acid and thiamine were also found to be present in both R.dumetorum and A.hygromatricus Minerals viz., calcium, phosphorus and magnesium were also in appreciable amount. Polysaccharide-Starch contents in tubers varied from 25.82-38.30%.C.speciosus possess high protein value (19.20%). Lipid/oil content was also estimated in species, which contribute high energy value of tubers. Diosgenin, contents was estimated in Costus speciosus collected from different localities of centralregion, varied 1.37-2.11%. The all plant species contain high food value. Food energy provided by the edible parts of the species variedfrom 126 g calories to 336 g calories which is comparable with other commonly used edible species. The above mentioned plant species are being utilized in different areas of central region according totheir availability and scarcity during the season and contained high amount of nutritional compositions and used as vegetables as well as medicinal purposes.
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