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Will emergency and surgical patients participate in and complete alcohol interventions? A systematic review

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Author(s): Pedersen Bolette | Oppedal Kristian | Egund Lisa | T√łnnesen Hanne

Journal: BMC Surgery
ISSN 1471-2482

Volume: 11;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 26;
Date: 2011;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background In the everyday surgical life, staff may experience that patients with Alcohol Use Disorders (AUDs) seem reluctant to participate in alcohol intervention programs. The objective was therefore to assess acceptance of screening and intervention as well as adherence to the intervention program among emergency department (ED) and surgical patients with AUDs. Methods A systematic literature search was followed by extraction of acceptance and adherence rates in ED and surgical patients. Numbers needed to screen (NNS) were calculated. Subgroup analyses were carried out based on different study characteristics. Results The literature search revealed 33 relevant studies. Of these, 31 were randomized trials, 28 were conducted in EDs and 31 evaluated the effect of brief alcohol intervention. Follow-up was mainly conducted after six and/or twelve months. Four in five ED patients accepted alcohol screening and two in three accepted participation in intervention. In surgical patients, two in three accepted screening and the intervention acceptance rate was almost 100%. The adherence rate was above 60% for up to twelve months in both ED and surgical patients. The NNS to identify one eligible AUD patient and to get one eligible patient to accept participation in alcohol intervention varied from a few up to 70 patients. The rates did not differ between randomized and non-randomized trials, brief and intensive interventions or validated and self-reported alcohol consumption. Adherence rates were not affected by patients' group allocation and type of follow-up. Conclusions Most emergency and surgical patients with AUD accept participation in alcohol screening and interventions and complete the intervention program.
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