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Wireless Magnetoelastic Resonance Sensors: A Critical Review

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Author(s): Craig A. Grimes | Casey S. Mungle | Kefeng Zeng | Mahaveer K. Jain | William R. Dreschel | Maggie Paulose | Keat G. Ong

Journal: Sensors
ISSN 1424-8220

Volume: 2;
Issue: 7;
Start page: 294;
Date: 2002;
Original page

Keywords: Magnetoelastic | Sensor | Wireless | Passive | Remote query | Micro-sensor

ABSTRACT
This paper presents a comprehensive review of magnetoelastic environmental sensor technology; topics include operating physics, sensor design, and illustrative applications. Magnetoelastic sensors are made of amorphous metallic glass ribbons or wires, with a characteristic resonant frequency inversely proportional to length. The remotely detected resonant frequency of a magnetoelastic sensor shifts in response to different physical parameters including stress, pressure, temperature, flow velocity, liquid viscosity, magnetic field, and mass loading. Coating the magnetoelastic sensor with a mass changing, chemically responsive layer enables realization of chemical sensors. Magnetoelastic sensors can be remotely interrogated by magnetic, acoustic, or optical means. The sensors can be characterized in the time domain, where the resonant frequency is determined through analysis of the sensor transient response, or in the frequency domain where the resonant frequency is determined from the frequency-amplitude spectrum of the sensor.
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